Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences

Trend of fatal poisoning at national and provincial levels in Iran from 1990 to 2015

(2019) Trend of fatal poisoning at national and provincial levels in Iran from 1990 to 2015. Public Health.

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Objectives: Comprehensive and up-to-date data on fatal injury trends are critical to identify challenges and plan priority setting. This study provides a comprehensive assessment of poisoning mortality trends across Iran. Study design: The data were gathered from various resources, including death registration systems, cemetery databases of Tehran and Esfahan, the Demographic and Health Survey of 2000, and three rounds of national population and housing censuses. Methods: After addressing incompleteness for child and adult death data separately and using a spatio-temporal model and Gaussian process regression, the level and trend of child and adult mortality were estimated. For estimating cause-specific mortality, the cause fraction was calculated and applied to the level and trend of death. Results: From 1990 to 2015, 40,586 deaths due to poisoning were estimated across the country. The poisoning-related age-standardized death rate per 100,000 was estimated to have changed from 3.08 (95 uncertainty interval UI: 2.32–4.11) in 1990 to 0.96 (95% UI: 0.73–1.25) in 2015, and the male/female ratio was 1.35 during 25 years of study with an annual percentage change of −5.4% and −4.0% for women and men, respectively. The annual mortality rate was higher among children younger than 5 years and the elderly population (≥70 years) in the study period. Conclusions: This study showed that mortality from poisoning declined in Iran over the period from 1990 to 2015 and varied by province. Understanding the reasons for the differences of poisoning mortality by province will help in developing and implementing measures to reduce this burden in Iran. © 2019 The Royal Society for Public Health

Item Type: Article
Keywords: injury; mortality; poisoning; trend analysis, adolescent; adult; age; aged; Article; child; childhood mortality; demography; fatality; female; health survey; human; intoxication; Iran; male; middle aged; mortality; mortality rate; normal distribution; population research; preschool child; sex ratio; spatiotemporal analysis; standardization; trend study; very elderly, Esfahan Iran; Iran; Tehran Iran
Page Range: pp. 78-88
Journal or Publication Title: Public Health
Volume: 170
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.puhe.2019.02.025
Depositing User: مهندس جمال محمودپور

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