Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences

Gender based cognitive determinants of medication adherence in older adults with chronic conditions

(2019) Gender based cognitive determinants of medication adherence in older adults with chronic conditions. Patient Preference and Adherence.

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Background: Life course gender-role traits and social stereotypes could affect the pattern of medication adherence in old age. Objectives: The main purpose of this study was to investigate gender based cognitive determinants of medication adherence in a sample of older adults who suffer from at least a chronic condition. Methods: In this cross-sectional design, 455 older adults participated from five health centers in Tabriz city, Iran from June to August 2017 using a random sampling method. Next, required data about medication adherence, knowledge and beliefs about prescribed medications, perceived self-efficacy in medication adherence, illness perception, and reasons for medication non-adherence were gathered using a structured written questionnaire through face-to-face interviews with the attendees. Results: Low medication adherence was reported by 54.5 of the study participants. Perceived self-efficacy for medication adherence (OR = 1.04; 95 CI: 1.00, 1.08) and medication adherence reason (OR = 0.96; 95 CI: 0.92, 0.99) were two identified strong predictors of medication adherence among the studied older men. Illness perception (OR = 1.02; 95 CI: 1.00, 1.02) and beliefs toward prescribed medication (OR = 0.95; 95 CI: 0.93, 0.98) were both recognized as the significant predictors of medication adherence in the older women subgroup. Conclusion: Gender based variations were noted regarding the medication adherence in the studied sample and attributes of cognitive function were the main pinpointed elucidating parameters for the non-conformity. The explicit cognitive processes must be considered in care provision or interventional programs that target medication adherence in older adults. © 2019 Mahmoodi et al.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: aged; Article; attitude to health; chronic disease; cross-sectional study; female; gender; health belief; health center; human; interview; Iran; major clinical study; male; medication compliance; patient participation; perception; prescription; questionnaire; self concept
Page Range: pp. 1733-1744
Journal or Publication Title: Patient Preference and Adherence
Volume: 13
Identification Number: 10.2147/PPA.S219193
Depositing User: مهندس جمال محمودپور

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