Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences

Socioeconomic inequality in childhood obesity

(2017) Socioeconomic inequality in childhood obesity. Journal of Research in Health Sciences.

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Background: The aim of this study was to assess the socioeconomic inequalities in obesity and overweight in children aged 10 to 12 yr old. Study design: A cross-sectional study. Methods: This study was conducted on 2506 children aged 10 to 12 yr old in the city of Sanandaj, western Iran in 2015. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Considering household situation and assets, socioeconomic status (SES) of the subjects was determined using Principal Component Analysis (PCA). Concentration Index was used to measure inequality and Oaxaca decomposition was used to determine the share of different determinants of inequality. Results: The prevalence of overweight was 24.1 (95 CI: 22.4, 25.7). 11.5 (95 CI: 10.0, 12.0) were obese. The concentration index for overweight and obesity, respectively, was 0.10 (95 CI: 0.05, 0.15), and 0.07 (95 CI: 0.00, 0.14) which indicated inequality and a higher prevalence of obesity and overweight in higher SES. The results of Oaxaca decomposition suggested that socioeconomic factors accounted for 75.8 of existing inequalities. Residential area and mother education were the most important causes of inequality. Conclusions: To reduce inequalities in childhood obesity, mother education must be promoted and special attention must be paid to residential areas and children gender. © 2017, Health Hamadan University of Medical Sciences. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Article; body mass; child; childhood obesity; controlled study; cross-sectional study; educational status; female; human; Iran; major clinical study; male; mother; prevalence; residential area; school child; sex difference; socioeconomics
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
Volume: 17
Number: 3
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی

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