Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences

Prevalence of human visceral leishmaniasis in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis

(2021) Prevalence of human visceral leishmaniasis in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.

[img]
Preview
Text
111.pdf

Download (5MB) | Preview

Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....

Abstract

Leishmania infantum is the main cause of human visceral leishmaniasis (HVL; also known as kala-azar) in the Middle East and may be fatal if left untreated. This disease was first reported in 1949 in Iran. Despite marked improvements in hygiene and sanitation conditions, the disease is still endemic in some parts of Iran. It is difficult to determine the current prevalence of HVL in Iran due to the scarcity of comprehensive studies in this regard. In response to this gap, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to gain better understanding of HVL epidemiology in the general population of Iran. English and Persian databases were searched for studies reporting the prevalence and risk factors associated with HVL in the Iranian people from January 1995 to December 2019. The reported data were selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. The pooled prevalence of HVL infection and its 95 % confidence intervals were calculated. Quality assessment, heterogeneity testing and publication bias assessment were also done. Literature search revealed 3634 studies, of which 35 studies met our eligibility criteria, with a total of 50,716 individuals. The meta-analysis was performed on 31 out of 35 included studies. The estimated pooled prevalence of HVL infection according to seropositivity was 2% (95 % CI: 1–2%) in the general population of Iran in which western and northern provinces had the lowest and the highest prevalence, 0.5 % (95 %CI, 0.2−0.7%) and 3% (95 %CI, 1–5 %), respectively. The seroprevalence of HVL among females (2%; 95 %CI, 1–2 %) was more than males (1%; 95 %CI, 1–2 %). The ≤10 and >10 years age groups had similar seroprevalence rates (1%, 95 %CI, 1–2 % versus 1%, 95 %CI, 0–1 %, respectively). There was no significant difference in terms of geographic area, age and sex. Of 31 studies included in the meta-analysis, the most common diagnostic test was the direct agglutination test (96.77 %). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first systematic review of the prevalence of HVL in Iran. The results showed a low seroprevalence of HVL infection. However, the lack of published reports of HVL in an area does not exclusively mean the absence of the disease or carrier. We therefore recommend further studies in this regard

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Human visceral leishmaniasis; Iran; Meta-analysis; Prevalence; Systematic review
Subjects: WC Communicable Diseases > WC 680-950 Tropical and Parasitic Diseases
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Liver and Digestive Research Center
Journal or Publication Title: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 75
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.cimid.2020.101604
ISSN: 01479571
Depositing User: مسعود رسول آبادی
URI: http://eprints.muk.ac.ir/id/eprint/4217

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item