Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences

Modified wheat straw–derived graphene for the removal of Eriochrome Black T: characterization, isotherm, and kinetic studies

(2021) Modified wheat straw–derived graphene for the removal of Eriochrome Black T: characterization, isotherm, and kinetic studies. Environmental Science and Pollution Research.

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A cost-effective and environment-benign adsorbent was prepared from an abundant agro-waste material. Wheat straw was reduced to graphene and then modified by crosslinking to epichlorohydrin. During the conversion process of wheat straw to graphene, the specific surface area increased more than 100 times (from 4 to 415 m2 g−1). The adsorption efficiency of raw wheat straw, graphene nanosheets, and modified graphene against Eriochrome Black T (EBT) were 8.0, 34.7, and 74.4%, respectively. The modified graphene was further investigated for the effect of environmental condition, i.e., pH (3 to 11), EBT concentration (25–100 mg L−1), adsorbent dosage (0.25–0.75 g L−1), contact time (5–60 min), and solution temperature (30–60 °C). The dye removal remained at a high level under a wide range of pH from 3 to 9. The EBT removal decreased from 87.3 to 54.5 by increasing dye concentration and increased from 38.2 to 85.4% by increasing adsorbent dose in the studied ranges. Dye removal also increased by mixing time from 5 to 30 min, whereas a slight drop was observed by continuing agitation up to 60 min. Conducting experiments at various temperatures revealed an endothermic process. Pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order models were adequate to represent the adsorption kinetics. Isotherm models suggest a multilayer adsorption of EBT molecules on heterogeneous modified graphene surface with a maximum adsorption capacity of 146.2 mg g−1. The present work demonstrated that the modified graphene obtained from available and low-cost agro-wastes could be used effectively as adsorbent against EBT from aqueous media.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Agro-waste material, Modified graphene, Eriochrome Black T (EBT)
Subjects: WA Public Health > WA 670-847 Environmental Pollution. Sanitation
Divisions: Research Vice-Chancellor Department > Environmental Health Research Center
Page Range: pp. 3556-3565
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Journal Index: ISI
Volume: 28
Number: 3
Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Identification Number: 10.1007/s11356-020-10647-w
ISSN: 09441344
Depositing User: مسعود رسول آبادی

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