Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences

Behavioral, health- related and demographic risk factors of death in floods: A case-control study

(2021) Behavioral, health- related and demographic risk factors of death in floods: A case-control study. PloS one.

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34972162

Abstract

During the first half of 2019, many provinces of Iran were affected by floods, which claimed the lives of 82 people. The present study aimed to investigate the behavioral, health related and demographic risk factors associated with deaths due to floods. We measured the odds ratio and investigated the contribution and significance of the factors in relation to mortality. This case-control study was conducted in the cities affected by flood in Iran. Data were collected on the flood victims using a questionnaire. Survivors, a member of the flood victim's family, were interviewed. In total, 77 subjects completed the survey in the case group, and 310 subjects completed the survey in the control group. The findings indicated that factors such as the age of less than 18 years, low literacy, being trapped in buildings/cars, and risky behaviors increased the risk of flood deaths. Regarding the behavioral factors, perceived/real swimming skills increased the risk of flood deaths although it may seem paradoxical. This increment is due to increased self confidence in time of flood. On the other hand, skills and abilities such as evacuation, requesting help, and escape decreased the risk of flood deaths. According to the results, the adoption of support strategies, protecting vulnerable groups, and improving the socioeconomic status of flood-prone areas could prevent and reduce the risk of flood deaths.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Adolescent Adult *Behavior Case-Control Studies Child Child, Preschool *Death Disasters Female Floods/*statistics & numerical data Geography Health Behavior Humans Infant Iran Literacy Male Middle Aged Regression Analysis *Risk Factors Risk-Taking Surveys and Questionnaires *Survivors Young Adult
Page Range: e0262005
Journal or Publication Title: PloS one
Volume: 16
Number: 12
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.muk.ac.ir/id/eprint/5290

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