Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences

Resilience of patients with chronic physical diseases: A systematic review and meta-analysis

(2016) Resilience of patients with chronic physical diseases: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal.

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Context: Resilience can be seen as an adaption to stress, such as that caused by health problems or disease, that attenuates the negative effects of stress. The present research performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to study resilience scores among adults diagnosed with chronic physical diseases. Evidence Acquisition: Electronic databases, including Persian language (scientific information database SID, IranMedex, Magiran, IranDoc, and Medlib) and English language (Google Scholar, Science Direct, PubMed, Pre-Quest, and Scopus), were searched. Fifteen articles were found using the keywords disease or chronic disease, resilience or resiliency, and illness, either alone or in combination, both in Persian and English languages. Data analysis was carried out through meta-analysis (random-effects model), and heterogeneity was investigated by subgroup and meta-regression analyses. The data were analyzed in STAT software (12.0). Results: The mean resilience score of the chronic disease patients (n = 3369) was 74.6 (95% CI: 51.8-97.4). In terms of diseases, the mean resilience score of cancer patients was 79.6 (95% CI: 48.3-111.1), whereas it was 79.6 for cardiovascular disease patients (95% CI: 45.8-113.3) and 64.6 for patients with other diseases (95% CI: 6.6-122.7). There was no relationship between the resilience of chronic disease patients and the year of the study (P = 0.711) and the sample size in the studies (P = 0.351). Conclusions: The mean resilience score of the patients was less than that of healthy individuals. As resilience can be acquired at any stage of life, irrespective of age and disease status, there is a need for training to improve resilience among patients through educational programs. © 2016, Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: acquired immune deficiency syndrome; cancer patient; cardiovascular disease; chronic disease; coping behavior; data extraction; human; kidney failure; meta analysis (topic); patient education; Review; sample size; scoring system; spinal cord injury; systematic review (topic); systemic lupus erythematosus
Journal or Publication Title: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Volume: 18
Number: 7
Publisher: Kowsar Medical Publishing Company
Identification Number: 10.5812/ircmj.38562
ISSN: 20741804
Depositing User: مهندس جمال محمودپور

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