Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences

Serum Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein in Detecting Intracranial Injuries Following Minor Head Trauma; a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

(2023) Serum Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein in Detecting Intracranial Injuries Following Minor Head Trauma; a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Archives of academic emergency medicine.

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/36620734

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Developing novel diagnostic and screening tools for exploring intracranial injuries following minor head trauma is a necessity. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of serum glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in detecting intracranial injuries following minor head trauma. METHODS: An extensive search was performed in Medline, Embase, Scopus, and Web of Science databases up to the end of April 2022. Human observational studies were chosen, regardless of sex and ethnicity of their participants. Pediatrics studies, report of diagnostic value of GFAP combined with other biomarkers (without reporting the GFAP alone), articles including patients with all trauma severity, defining minor head trauma without intracranial lesions as the outcome of the study, not reporting sensitivity/specificity or any other values essential for computation of true positive, true negative, false positive and false-negative, being performed in the prehospital setting, assessing the prognostic value of GFAP, duplicated reports, preclinical studies, retracted articles, and review papers were excluded. The result was provided as pooled sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic score and diagnostic odds ratio, and area under the summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curve with a 95 confidence interval (95 CI). RESULTS: Eventually, 11 related articles were introduced into the meta-analysis. The pooled analysis implies that the area under the SROC curve for serum GFAP level in minor traumatic brain injuries (TBI) was 0.75 (95 CI: 0.71 to 0.78). Sensitivity and specificity of this biomarker in below 100 pg/ml cut-off were 0.83 (95 CI: 0.78 to 0.89) and 0.39 (95 CI: 0.24 to 0.53), respectively. The diagnostic score and diagnostic odds ratio of GFAP in detection of minor TBI were 1.13 (95 CI: 0.53 to 1.74) and 3.11 (95 CI: 1.69 to 5.72), respectively. The level of evidence for the presented results were moderate. CONCLUSION: The present study's findings demonstrate that serum GFAP can detect intracranial lesions in mild TBI patients. The optimum cut-off of GFAP in detection of TBI was below 100 pg/ml. As a result, implementing serum GFAP may be beneficial in mild TBI diagnosis for preventing unnecessary computed tomography (CT) scans and their related side effects.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Biomarkers Brain Injuries Diagnosis Traumatic
Page Range: e9
Journal or Publication Title: Archives of academic emergency medicine
Volume: 11
Number: 1
Depositing User: مهندس مهدی شریفی
URI: http://eprints.muk.ac.ir/id/eprint/5713

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