Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences

Degradation of reactive red 198 (RR198) from aqueous solutions by advanced oxidation processes (AOPS): O3, H2O2/O3 and H2O2/ultrasonic

(2016) Degradation of reactive red 198 (RR198) from aqueous solutions by advanced oxidation processes (AOPS): O3, H2O2/O3 and H2O2/ultrasonic. Bulgarian Chemical Communications.

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The aim of this study was to investigate the degradation of an azo dye, reactive red 198 (RR198), by ozone, H2O2/O3, H2O2/ultrasonic and combination of O3/H2O2/ultrasonic from aqueous solutions. The effects of ozone, hydrogen peroxide doses, initial dye concentration, ultrasonic power and solution pH were studied on the degradation of RR198. The concentration of RR 198 was determined by UV-visible spectrophotometer (DR 5000 Hach) at its maximum absorption wavelength of 518 nm. The measurement of chemical oxygen demand (COD) carried out with a standard potassium dichromate oxidation method.The results showed that the degradation rate was increased by increasing H2O2 concentration. The optimum H2O2 concentration was obtained in the range of 0.03 mM at dye concentration of 200 mg/L. Alkaline pH, and 125 W ultrasonic power were favored in the color and COD removal. Moreover, compared with ozone and peroxone, the O3/H2O2/ultrasonic process could achieve a higher color and COD removal at the same reaction time. Pseudo-first order kinetics with respect to dyestuffs concentrations was found to fit all the experimental data. H2O2/ultrasonic process has negligible effect on removal of COD compare to other process (>5). Ultrasonic was ineffective in activation of H2O2 for degradation of RR198. These findings show that oxidation by O3/H2O2/ultrasonic is a promising alternative for the treatment of RR198 containing solution as a recalcitrant pollutant. © 2016 Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Union of Chemists in Bulgaria.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: COD; Dye removal; Reactive red 198; Ultrasonic
Page Range: pp. 43-49
Journal or Publication Title: Bulgarian Chemical Communications
Volume: 48
Number: Specia
Publisher: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
ISSN: 08619808
Depositing User: مهندس جمال محمودپور

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