Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences

Evaluation of prevalence of allergic rhinitis symptoms in Kurdistan, a western province in Iran

(2015) Evaluation of prevalence of allergic rhinitis symptoms in Kurdistan, a western province in Iran. International Journal of Pediatrics.

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Abstract

Introduction Allergic rhinitis, like other allergic diseases, is one of the most common disorders during childhood; this study was conducted to assess and compare the prevalence and severity of allergic rhinitis in children and adolescents living in Kurdistan province. The study was aimed to provide a ground for the identification of likely causes and risk factors of this disorder. Materials and Methods This study was a cross-sectional study. In order to collect data, 4,000 questionnaires were distributed to elementary schools and junior high schools and 3,890 questionnaires were completed; as a result, the survey response rate was 97. The study was carried out based on International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC): ISAAC questionnaire. After entering the data into SPSS version 13, they were analyzed using logistic regression and Chi- square test. Results Of a total 3,890 people, 29.7 of the subjects in this study reported a history of sneezing or runny nose in the past 12 months; it was reported more in boys in the age group 13-14 years and the difference between the sexes was significant Odds ratio(OR)=1.35, Confidence interval (CI): 1.09-1.67, P < 0.01). Based on physician diagnosis, 9.37% of the subjects were overtaken by allergic rhinitis and it was more prevalent in boys at both educational levels and the difference was statistically significant in subjects aged 13-14 years old (OR=1.44 CI: 1.07-1.94, P < 0.05). Conclusion The prevalence of the allergic rhinitis symptoms in children and adolescents living in Kurdistan province is relatively high and it is necessary to carry out extensive studies on its important risk factors.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Allergic rhinitis; Iran; ISAAC questionnaire; Kurdistan
Page Range: pp. 1039-1046
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Pediatrics
Volume: 3
Number: 6
Publisher: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Identification Number: 10.22038/ijp.2015.5471
ISSN: 23455055
Depositing User: مهندس جمال محمودپور
URI: http://eprints.muk.ac.ir/id/eprint/740

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