Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Repository of Research and Investigative Information

Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences

The main determinants of under 5 mortality rate (U5MR) in OECD countries: A cross-sectional study

(2015) The main determinants of under 5 mortality rate (U5MR) in OECD countries: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Pediatrics.

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Abstract

Introduction Child mortality indices are key elements that reflect health status of societies and inform policy makers to take suitable policies to reduce them. This study was performed to examine the main determinants of under 5 mortality rate (U5MR) in Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries in two cross-sections, 2010 and 2013, and the results of them was compared. Materials and Methods This was a cross- sectional study. The data on U5MR, health expenditure, Gross National Income (GNI) per capita, physician and nurses' density, ratio of female to male primary, secondary and tertiary school enrollment was gathered from World Health Organization (WHO) and World Bank datasets. Pearson correlation and regression models was used for analyzing the data for years 2010 and 2013. Stata 11 was used for analyzing the data. Results Pearson correlation was negative for all variables in 2010 and all variables in 2013, expect ratio of females to males secondary enrollment, had negative correlation with U5MR. Regression analysis showed that, all variables, except ratio of female to male primary enrollment had negative effect on U5MR in 2010. Also, GNI had negative effect on U5MR in 2010 and its coefficient was significant. The β-coefficient of healthcare expenditures was -0.964 and -0.746 in 2010 and 2013, respectively and was statistically significant just in 2010. Two of three variables in which included for women literacy had negative effect on U5MR in 2010 and all of them had negative effect in 2013. Conclusion The study results showed that all variables, including health expenditures, gross national income per capita, and density of physicians and nurses and females literacy, had inversed effect on under 5 mortality rate in OECD countries.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Child mortality; GNI; Healthcare expenditures; U5MR
Page Range: pp. 421-427
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Pediatrics
Volume: 3
Number: 1-2
Publisher: Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
ISSN: 23455055
Depositing User: مهندس جمال محمودپور
URI: http://eprints.muk.ac.ir/id/eprint/785

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